Researches from Heidelberg University have been discovering one of the most significant growth processes on the Earth. According to the study, in the formation of wood, bifacial stem cells play an important role in the most crucial progression activity. The cells seem to be a starting point of wood formation and plant generation. Researchers have recently introduced the unique growth processes through new experimental tools. Researchers from Center of Organismal Studies are analyzing a particular species of cells that inhabit in the growth layer of the plant.
Sun is an ultimate source that feeds energy to each element on Earth. Plants grasp the energy as they are an important and primary receiver. Plant transforms all energy into biomass and sugar. Eventually, the energy reaches to human or animals as they are the biggest consumers of plants. Wood formation is the only place that stores the biomass for long-term along with a process. Wood can be defined as made from a thin layer of stem cells, they typically called as cambium. The cambium inhabits beneath the bark of roots and shoots; the cambium brings out bast of plant and wood, which mostly being utilized in the fiber industry. It not only acts as an important substance in Earth’s material cycle but also essential for daily survivals. However, its functions are not widely known, said Prof. Greb form the Center for Organismal Studies.
Researchers, at Heidelberg University had categorized different cell types inside the cambium, and then they found that cells that are the source of xylem and phloem tissues. This bifacial stem cell forms cells functioning in two directions, where wood cells grow inward and bast cells outer side. Researches used fluorescent proteins to label the stem cells, as it aids to determine the process of specific genes. The team was using a molecular way that allowed them to firmly secure the labels in the cells. Also, it helped the team to go after and revamp the cell development for a sufficient period of time.